Journal of Knowledge & Health1735-577X11320160618Evaluation of Slaughtered Camels Liver Infection in Shahroud in 2015495410.1234/knh.v11i3.1429FAAhmadrezaYazdanbakhshDept. of Public Health, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.. sharifi268@gmail.comHosseinHatamiGholamaliSharifiarabMajidArabameri2016030620160605Introduction: Considering conditions of Iran climatic, camel meat can be a valuable protein source in desert climate. A parasitic contamination is the most common diseases in livestock which causes economical losses in addition to health risks. The aim of the study was to identify the most common parasites in the camel liver in order to fight against parasitic diseases and reduced them effectivly.Methods: The project was conducted from March 2015 until October 2015. Ninety-four liver samples were taken from Shahroud slaughterhouse to estimate the level of parasitic infections. Sampls were chopping into 2-3 cm pieces and the amount of contamination was measured after floating and sifting.Results: The most common causes of liver infection in slaughtered camels were hydatid cyst with percentage of 7.45 and fasciola with 1.06 %, but there is no dicrocoelium infection. Meanwhile, results of this survey revealed that all camels with infected liver had also lung infection.Conclusion: This study showed that the rate of liver infection in Shahroud slaughtered camels was considerably high. This indicates health risks for consumers in addition to economic losses. Considering the life cycle of these parasites, prevention of diseases by veterinary organization and adequate health and control evaluation are necessary. Due to health risks and considerable camel infections, disease prevention methods should be done in cooperation with livestock drivers and veterinary organization.